miércoles, 24 de abril de 2013

7º Prêmio Internacional de Mangá

7º Prêmio Internacional de Mangá

-Período de inscrição

15 de abril a 31 de maio de 2013

-Inscrições e informações

Embaixada ou Consulados Gerais do Japão

Verifique os endereços no link:



Ministério das Relações Exteriores do Japão

Comitê Executivo do 7º Prêmio Internacional de Mangá

Associação dos Cartunistas do Japão

Inscrições abertas para o 7º Prêmio Internacional de Mangá

Regulamento, ficha de inscrição e mais informações, clique aqui.


The fifth International Indology

The fifth International Indology Graduate Research Symposium (IIGRS) will be held at Bochum, Ruhr Universität, on the 17th-18th October 2013 – please find all the information at <http://iigrs.byethost17.com>. The symposium is aimed at current graduate students, PhD candidates as well as early stage researchers, that is to say those who have completed their last degree within the past five years. The deadline for submitting abstracts is the 30th of June 2013. The proceedings of the symposium will be published in a series entitled “Puṣpikā: Tracing Ancient India Through Texts and Traditions. Contributions to Current Research in Indology”, published by Oxbow Books Press, Oxford.

If you are teaching at an institution, I would be extremely grateful if you could please circulate this information.

Kind regards,

Jessie Pons
Visiting Research Fellow
Ruhr Universität Bochum, Germany

lunes, 22 de abril de 2013

The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus Newsletter

Newsletter No. 16. 2013  April 22, 2013  

  New Articles Posted

"Murder the Koreans!"

"Smash the Korean cockroaches!"

Matthew Penney chronicles the extremist Zaitokukai's poisonous demonstrations against Koreans in Japan. More important, perhaps, is the beginning of efforts to challenge their views by citizens appalled by the racist campaign. See his "Racists Go Home!", "Go Crawl Back to the Net!" - Anti-Racism Protestors Confront the Zaitokukai. Paul Jobin and Sumi Hasegawa discuss An appeal for improving labour conditions of Fukushima Daiichi workers.

All new articles  are now available on Kindle, as are several recent articles. If you experience any difficulty in accessing them, please let us know at info.japanfocus@gmail.com.

Our home page has a category Featured Articles. This will take you to the most widely read articles of recent times and over our decade of publication. Check it out to discover some of the most important work that has appeared in the journal..

What have been the most widely read articles at APJ? To find out, click on "Top Ten Articles" at the top of the home page, for the top articles of the last month, last year, last five years and last decade.

Our home page has a number of important features. There is a powerful search engine that permits search by author, title, and keyword, found in top left of the home page. For most purposes, author's surname or a keyword entered in Title is most useful. Another is a regularly updated guide to the more than 100 articles we have published on the 3.11 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear power meltdown which is transforming Japanese politics and society, and is reshaping issues of nuclear power and energy policy in that nation and globally. Articles are arranged topically. In addition, we have added a guide to some of the most important, and liveliest, online and print sources on 3.11 including blogs and websites.  Second, the list of articles now indicates all those available in Japanese translation or original, as well as other languages.

Many thanks to all who contributed to our annual fund-raiser. APJ will continue to be available free to all in 2013. If you missed the opportunity to join our sustainers, you can still do so by going to the red sustainer button on our home page to contribute via Paypal or credit card. Or, if you prefer, we can accept checks on US banks: write to us at http://info.japanfocus@gmail.com.  Thank you for your support. 

Our subscribers via this Newsletter, as well as through Facebook and Twitter now number 6,000. We invite you to  help us expand these numbers by informing colleagues, associates, students and friends who might find our work useful. The best way to do so is to send along a recent article of interest and invite them to subscribe via our homepage either to receive the Newsletter or to receive notification via Facebook or Twitter. Another good way is to include APJ in your syllabus.

More than 6,000 people now subscribe to APJ, either through our Newsletter or the more than 2,700 who follow us  through Twitter or Facebook, whose numbers are growing steadily. Please consider joining them by clicking at the appropriate link on our home page.       

We invite authors, publishers and directors to bring their books, films and events on East Asia and the Pacific to the attention of our readers. See the home page for information about presenting relevant books and films at our site and for examples of authors, publishers and filmmakers who are presenting their work at the Journal.

Contact Japan Focus by email at info@japanfocus.org

To access our full archive with more than 2,000 articles, and to view the most widely read articles through their titles or via our index, go here

sábado, 20 de abril de 2013

Book on Role of Translation in Nation Building

Book on Role of Translation in Nation Building launched

Ravi Kumar

It talks about how translators have always played a pivotal role in social and cultural change in 

society and how they continue to play a major role in dissemination of the ever expanding 

knowledge and information available today. In this globalized world the demand for translation 

and language related services has increased many times and that translation is not only 

needed for the creation of national identity but it has also become an essential tool for keeping 

pace with the processes of globalization and localization. Many times we take for granted the 

translator's crucial role at the (intra) national level and we are less aware of their equally pivotal 

place as mediators at the international level and, potentially, in the creation of the even larger 

and comprehensive global supra national identities which seem destined to follow in the future. 

The book contains well researched papers written by 16 scholars coming from various parts of 

the world. These scholars have focused on thought “how translation has played crucial role in 

shaping up nations not only in Indian/Asian context but also in the context of Europe, Canada, 

Africa, Australia and Arab world”.

For more details click on above link

viernes, 19 de abril de 2013

Stanford Silk Road lecture

Michelle Wang, Asst. Professor of Art History, Georgetown University
"Uncovering Visual Evidence for the Gandavyuha in Tang China"

Thursday, April 25, at 6 p.m.
Knight Building, Room 102 (Old Grad School of Business, next to
Littlefield Center)

The Gandavyuha is the Flower Garland Sutra, the foundation of the
Huayan School of Chinese Buddhism (known as Kegon in Japan.)

The Avata saka Sutra was written in stages, beginning from at least
500 years after the death of the
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha>Buddha. It is a very
long text composed of a number of originally independent scriptures
of diverse provenance, all of which were combined, probably in
Central Asia, in the late third or the fourth century CE.

Sponsored by the Silk Road Foundation and the Ho Center for Buddhist Studies.

Asian Currents

The April 2013 issue of "Asian Currents" from the Asian Studies Association of Australia is now available from the ASAA web site at

In this issue:
•    Japan, the US and the ‘rebalance’: deconstructing the Senkaku problem (Rikki Kersten)
•    Indonesia’s manufacturing pessimism unfounded (Ross McLeod)
•    Shahbag: Bangladesh embraces new-wave activism (Faham Abdus Salam)
•    Election year renews focus on Iran’s ethnic diversity (James Barry)
•    ‘Bringing Indonesia alive’: Inside Indonesia celebrates 30 years (Thushara Dibley and Jemma Purdey)
•    New perspectives on 1965 violence in Indonesia (By Vannessa Hearman)
•    China’s fashionable approach to breast cancer awareness (Yue Gao)
•    Local governance reform a key to helping India’s rural poor (Richard Iles)
•    LCNAU plans response to White Paper language goals (Anya Woods, Colin Nettelbeck, John Hajek)
•    Labour migration in the Asia–Pacific (Marshall Clark)
•    Books on Asia
The index page listing all available issues is at http://www.asaa.asn.au/publications/asian_current_issues.html.
All issues of Asian Currents are able to be searched via the search box on the Asian Currents index page.

Stephen Meatheringham
ASAA Web Coordinator 

Palden Sakya Center


There is no class on Tuesday, April 23. Our next Tuesday evening Bodhisattvas Way of Life class is April 30.

Welcome to the Vikramasila Foundation and Palden Sakya Centers

Khenpo Pema Wangdak, Director

4 W. 101 St. #63, NYC / 212-866-4339 / www.vikramasila.org / paldensakya@vikramasila.org

C train to 103 St.

May 2013 Teaching Schedule

Palden Sakya NYC Programs

Tibetan language: Mondays
May 6, 13, 20

6:00-7:30 PM Beginner

7:30-9:00 PM Advanced

$20.00 suggested donation per class

Tuesday Lecture Series:

“A Guide to the Bodhisattvas Way of Life”:

Tuesdays May 7, 14, 21, 28

7:00 PM Dharma recitations & Quiet Sitting and meditation (please arrive on time)

7:45 PM Lecture

$20.00 suggested donation per class

Wednesday Sanskrit Class

May 1, 8, 15, 22, 29

9:00 AM Everyone welcome


The Vikramasila Foundation and Palden Sakya Centers for Buddhist study are run under the auspices of His Holiness Sakya Trizin and under the direction of Khenpo Pema Wangdak.

Dharma Centers

There are Palden Sakya Centers are located in the Americas and Europe. See here for locations and contact information.


See our calendar for all upcoming events.

Khenpo Lama Pema Wangdak travels and teaches extensively around the world. Stop by or give us a call if you are near any of our centers. We hope you are able to participate in our programs.


The Epic of Gesar

Shambhala Publications is pleased to announce the release of the The

Epic of Gesar. This large volume consists of the first three volumes

of the Epic: Gesar's Magical Birth, Early Years, and Coronation as


This translation began with the late Robin Kornman and was completed

by Sangye Khandro and Lama Chonam. A video of the latter two

discussing it, can be found here: https://vimeo.com/64089749.

Tibet's great national literary treasure, the epic of Gesar, is the

equivalent of the Iliad or the Odyssey in the West. It arose out of a

comparable oral tradition, beginning in the eleventh century, and is

now considered the longest single work in the world literary

canon. King Gesar's exploits are full of magic and high adventure, and

are also models of Buddhist teaching: Gesar came to be widely regarded

as an embodiment of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara or of

Padmasambhava, the figure who brought Buddhism to Tibet. His bravery

and heroism demonstrate how the best human qualities, such as loyalty,

compassion, and virtue, ultimately triumph over evil, deception, and

self-interest. This long-awaited translation of the first three

volumes of the vast work is a landmark in the transmission of Tibetan

Buddhist culture to the West.

From the foreword by His Holiness the Dalai Lama:

"The Gesar story is one of the Tibetan people's most popular epics,

its stories being enacted and sung at festivals and on important

ceremonial occasions. By making the epic of Gesar available in

English, the translators are offering the modern reader a chance to

experience the particular character of this Tibetan tradition that has

brought hope and fortitude to many generations across the

Tibetan-speaking world."

There is a discount of 30% for those on this list who use the code

GESAR813 when purchasing it from Shambhala.com (http://bit.ly/11vGEmC)

where it is available exclusively until July when it will be available

through all the normal outlets.

Those desiring desk/exam copies can go to


Nikko Odiseos


Shambhala Publications

300 Massachusetts Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
o: 617-424-0030 x238


miércoles, 17 de abril de 2013

XXV Simposio Electrónico Internacional (SEI) “El nuevo mapa político de Medio Oriente y del Norte de África

El Centro de Estudios Internacionales para el Desarrollo, CEID, y el Centro de Investigaciones y Proyectos Especiales, CIPE, de la Facultad de Finanzas, Gobierno y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Externado de Colombia informan que, entre el 6 y el 31 de mayo llevarán a cabo el XXV Simposio Electrónico Internacional (SEI) “El nuevo mapa político de Medio Oriente y del Norte de África: alcances y perspectivas de las revueltas árabes.”.
La actividad es arancelada. Los interesados pueden dirigirse a admin1@ceid.edu.ar

martes, 16 de abril de 2013

China subió su generación de energía eólica un 41% en 2012

China generó 100.800 millones de kilovatios/hora de electricidad eólica en 2012, lo que supone un aumento del 41 por ciento con respecto a 2011, informó la Administración Nacional de Energía.

Esta cantidad representa aproximadamente el dos por ciento de la electricidad total del país transmitida a través de la red estatal, de acuerdo con un comunicado publicado el martes en la página web de la institución, en que se especifica que las cifras están basadas en estadísticas del centro nacional de administración de información de energía eólica.

Hasta finales de 2012, se habían conectado a la red estatal 62,66 millones de kilovatios de capacidad instalada en el sector de la energía eólica, un aumento del 31 por ciento interanual.

La cantidad de energía eólica generada en 2012 ahorró 32,86 millones de toneladas de carbón, 167 millones de toneladas de agua y 84,34 millones de toneladas de dióxido de carbono, según el comunicado.

12 Abr 2013


Instituto de Altos Estudios Universitarios


Dado el elevado número de solicitudes de preinscripción recibidas que han quedado
fuera de plazo de matrícula, la Comisión Docente ha decidido de manera excepcional
abrir Plazo Extraordinario de Matrícula a los Estudios de Postgrado.

  • Máster Internacional en Cultura, Sociedad y Economía de China e India
  • Postgrado Experto en Organización jurídica, económica y política de la R.P. China y Taiwán
  • Postgrado Experto en Cultura y Sociedad China
  • Curso Economía y Negocios en China
  • Curso de Historia del Arte en China
  • Curso de Literatura y Cine en China 

Escuelas Pías, 28 (08017). Barcelona, España.
Tel. 34 932 010 014 | Fax 34 932 009 332

lunes, 15 de abril de 2013

LECTURE> Talks on Japanese Religions at Harvard this Friday (19th)

For anyone in the Boston area this Friday, please consider attending the
following two events at Harvard.

1) Jason Josephson will be presenting on his exciting new book -  The
Invention of Religion in Japan (Chicago, 2012).  Details of this event are
posted at:

2) I will be presenting the following talk:

“Thick Conversations: Toward a Dialogical Theory of Japanese Buddhism”
 Based on 14 months of interviews with 226 Buddhist priests of every stripe
from all over Japan, this talk presents a series of dialogs about
contemporary temple realities. Rather than provide ethnographic cover for
over-determined notions of “Japanese Buddhism”, I want to explore
particular, localized negotiations of various teachings, customs, and
personalities. This is a search for the “ordinary” priest. It is as much a
study of doubt and discomfort as of faith and certainty.

Friday, April 19 from 4:15-5:45 p.m. in the Porte Room (S250), Second
Level, CGIS South Building, 1730 Cambridge Street

Mark Rowe
Associate Professor
Department of Religious Studies
McMaster University
Ontario, Canada

H-Buddhism (Buddhist Scholars Information Network)

Web Site:
Posting Guidelines:


Australasian Association of Buddhist Studies (AABS)

Professor Lewis Lancaster at  Nan Tien Institute

Professor Lewis Lancaster will present two free seminars at the Nan Tien Institute, Australia.
We do hope you can attend
Kind regards
AABS Executive

“Is Buddhism a religion, a philosophy, or a cognitive science?”
What role does Buddhism play in a global world of technology? In what ways has Buddhism become even more relevant today? With over fifty years of scholarship in Buddhist Studies, Professor Lancaster will explore the very nature of Buddhism itself. This exposition will uncover the “essence” behind tenets, philosophies, and the nature of perception. This lecture promises to be a journey exploring what makes Buddhism a growing and relevant religion in the world.
Time: 1:00pm – 2:00pm, Friday, 26 April 2013
Venue: Conference Room, Nan Tien Institute, Berkeley, NSW

“Seaport Buddhism: International Maritime Trade and Religious Expansion.”
The Silk Road remains one of the most important processes by which Buddhism spread across Eurasia. There is now a growing awareness of the maritime contribution to the global network of trade and cultural diffusion. Professor Lewis Lancaster has made significant inroads in this field of study. By building a global team of researchers, utilizing new data collection technologies, and using advanced data mapping and visualization to integrate cutting-edge results about the movements and trails of bygone ships and sailors, Professor Lancaster will unveil the latest findings regarding mercantile activity and the spread of Buddhism.

Time: 10:00am – 11:00am, Saturday, 27 April 2013
Venue: Conference Room, Nan Tien Institute, Berkeley, NSW

Professor Lewis Lancaster, a distinguished scholar of Buddhism, founded the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative to use the latest computer technology to map the spread of various strands of Buddhism from the distant past to the present. Professor Lancaster has published over 55 articles and reviews and has edited or authored numerous books including Prajnaparamita and Related Systems, The Korean Buddhist Canon, Buddhist Scriptures, Early Ch’an in China and Tibet, and Assimilation of Buddhism in Korea. He is Emeritus Professor of the Department of East Asian Languages at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, and has served as President, Adjunct Professor and Chair of the dissertation committee at University of the West since 1992. He was also the Chair of Buddhist Studies at UC, Berkeley, USA and Editor of the Berkeley Buddhist Studies Series.


sábado, 13 de abril de 2013


Jueves 18 de abril, 9.00 a 11.00 horas

Trans-Pacific Partnership: reflexiones desde Asia, Latinoamérica y Estados Unidos

Seminario organizado conjuntamente por el Comité de Asuntos Asiáticos, 
el Comité de Asuntos Latinoamericanos y el Comité de Estados Unidos

La geopolítica del Trans-Pacific Partnership
La relevancia del TPP en el nuevo escenario internacional, Felix Peña
La economía política del TPP, Juan Miguel Massot

Tres lecturas regionales del Trans-Pacific Partnership
El TPP y los Estados Unidos, Ricardo Lagorio
Implicancias del TPP para Latinoamérica, Norberto Pontiroli
Percepciones asiáticas del TPP, Carola Ramón Berjano

El Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) es una propuesta de acuerdo regional de libre comercio anunciado en 2011 que está siendo negociado entre Australia, Brunei, Canadá, Chile, Estados Unidos, Malasia, México, Nueva Zalanda, Perú, Singapur, Vietmam y próximamente Japón. Si es concluido de acuerdo a su propuesta actual, el TPP podría eliminar aranceles y barreras no arancelarias al comercio y las inversiones entre las partes y servir de modelo para un acuerdo comercial futuro entre los miembros del Foro de Cooperación Económica Asia-Pacífico (APEC) y, potencialmente, otros países

Se ruega confirmar asistencia
Uruguay 1037, piso 1º / C1016ACA Buenos Aires / República Argentina
Tel. 005411 4811 0071 al 74 / Fax 005411 4815 4742

Journal of Japanese Philosophy

Call for papers: Journal of Japanese Philosophy

The Journal of Japanese Philosophy, published by SUNY Press, is the first and only international peer-reviewed journal on Japanese philosophy. The first issue contains essays by Fujita Masakatsu, John Maraldo, Bret Davis, Graham Parkes, and others. We are currently inviting submissions for our following issues. The journal aims to demonstrate the relevance of Japanese philosophy. It welcomes rigorous academic papers on all time periods and all areas of Japanese philosophy, classical to contemporary, from a variety of perspectives, including interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and comparative studies.

The entire article does not have to be focused on a Japanese philosophy or philosopher as long as some Japanese philosophy or philosopher plays a significant role in the article. The article should not exceed 8,000 words and should follow the latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style (http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.html). For details refer tohttps://sites.google.com/site/journalofjapanesephilosophy/. Send your inquiries and submissions tojapanesephilosophy@gmail.com.

John Krummel
Assistant Editor
Journal of Japanese Philosophy

Email: japanesephilosophy@gmail.com
Visit the website at http://https://sites.google.com/site/journalofjapanesephilosophy/

viernes, 12 de abril de 2013

Korean universities rank high among Asia's top 100 institutions

By Oh Kyu-wook

The Korea Herald/Asia News Network

Thursday, Apr 11, 2013

KOREA - Korean universities have taken three of the top 10 places in a recent ranking of Asia's best institutions.

In the first edition of Asia University Rankings released on Wednesday, Korea had 14 of the top 100 institutions and more in the top 10 than any other country, according to Times Higher Education.

Pohang University of Science and Technology ranked fifth on the list, followed by Seoul National University in eighth. Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology was ranked 10th.

The British weekly magazine published the list by using 13 separate performance indicators, including teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook.

In the ranking, Japan's University of Tokyo topped the list, followed by National University of Singapore and University of Hong Kong. China's Peking University was fourth.

Other Korean universities named on the list included Yonsei University (20), Sungkyunkwan University (23) and Korea University (28). The full list of Asia University rankings can be found at http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings.

International Military Science and Technology Fair

Se celebra "2013 International Military Science and Technology Fair" en Corea

Fecha : 11-14 July 2013

Lugar : Coex, E Hall, Seoul, Korea

Organizador : Defense Acquisition Program Administration, Korea

Pagina web : http://www.dapa-militaryscience.kr

Māori roll or general roll? It’s your choice. He aha ō whakāro

New Zeland Ministery of Foring Affers and Trade
Manotu Aorere
Diplomatic Missións

Māori roll or general roll? It’s your choice. He aha ō whakāro.

The Māori Electoral Option gives New Zealanders of Māori descent the opportunity to choose whether they want to be on the Māori Electoral Roll or the General Electoral Roll when they vote in the next two General Elections.

The next Māori Electoral Option will take place from 25 March to 24 July 2013. It only happens once every five years or so, just after the New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings.

It’s an important choice, as it determines who will represent you in Parliament. If you’re on the General Electoral Roll, you will vote for an MP in a General Electorate at the next General Election. If you’re on the Māori Electoral Roll, you will vote for an MP in a Māori Electorate at the next General Election. Every voter, regardless of which electoral roll they are on or where they live in the country, has the same list of political parties to choose from when using their Party Vote.

The results of the Māori Electoral Option together with the results of the 2013 Census are used to determine the number of Māori and General Electorates in Parliament and to revise electorate boundaries.

If you’re enrolled to vote, and you said you were of New Zealand Māori descent when you enrolled, you will get your personalised Māori Electoral Option pack in the mail in the week starting 25 March 2013. It will give you all the information you need to make your choice and an enrolment form.

New Zealanders who have registered an overseas mailing address with the Electoral Commission will receive their personalised Māori Electoral Option pack at their overseas address.

Once you have made your choice and returned your form, you will not be able to change roll types again until the next Māori Electoral Option. Under current electoral legislation, people already enrolled can only change the type of electoral roll they are on during a Māori Electoral Option. You will not be able to change roll types again until the next Māori Electoral Option.

If you are of New Zealand Māori descent but didn’t say so when you first enrolled, you can still take part. And if you’re not yet enrolled, do it now!

Enrolling is easy

go online at www.elections.org.nz; or

call +64 4 801 0700; or

collect an enrolment form from your nearest overseas Embassy or Consulate.

More information about the Māori Electoral Option is available on www.elections.org.nz.

miércoles, 10 de abril de 2013

Centro Cultural e Informativo de la Embajada del Japón

El Centro Cultural e Informativo de la Embajada del Japón tiene el agrado de anunciar las siguientes actividades.

El nuevo espacio del Centro Cultural e Informativo
El Centro Cultural e Informativo de la Embajada del Japón ha abierto sus puertas al público en su nueva dirección de Bouchard 547, piso 15, CABA. Tel. (011)4318-8240. El horario de atención es de lunes a viernes de 9.00 a 12.30 y de 14.30 a 17.00. Disculpen las molestias y esperamos verlos pronto en este nuevo espacio.

 El Centro Cultural e Informativo de la Embajada del Japón tiene el agrado de anunciar las siguientes actividades.

El nuevo espacio del Centro Cultural e Informativo
El Centro Cultural e Informativo de la Embajada del Japón ha abierto sus puertas al público en su nueva dirección de Bouchard 547, piso 15, CABA. Tel. (011)4318-8240. El horario de atención es de lunes a viernes de 9.00 a 12.30 y de 14.30 a 17.00. Disculpen las molestias y esperamos verlos pronto en este nuevo espacio.

Tomohiro Yahiro y su percusión
Viernes 12 de abril, 19.30 hs, en el Centro Okinawense en la Argentina..

Ciclo de Cine Japonés: "Kaneto Shindo y Kozaburo Yoshimura, dos maestros del cine japonés"
Desde el martes 23 de abril al domingo 5 de mayo de 2013, en la Sala Leopoldo Lugones del Teatro San Martín, Av. Corrientes 1530, CABA. Informes: info@complejoteatral.gob.ar, tel. (011) 4371-0111/18.

 Japón en la 39º Feria Internacional del Libro de Buenos Aires
Desde el jueves 25 de abril al lunes 13 de mayo
La Embajada del Japón participará en la 39º Feria Internacional del Libro de Buenos Aires, en el stand 1910 del Pabellón Amarillo, predio ferial La Rural, CABA.
A su vez, la Sra. María Kodama ofrecerá una conferencia titulada “Borges y Japón” en el Día del Japón, el viernes 10 de mayo a las 20.30 hs, Sala Victoria Ocampo. Las tarjetas de invitación (canjeables en la boletería para acceder gratuitamente a la Feria) estarán disponibles en los primeros días de mayo. Informes: centro-info@bn.mofa.go.jp, tel. (011)4318-8240.

 Becas de posgrado, carrera universitaria y carrera terciaria, en Japón
Se encuentra abierta la inscripción para las becas de posgrado (Kenkyu), carrera universitaria (Gakubu) y carrera terciaria (Senshu). Para mayor información dirigirse a: http://www.ar.emb-japan.go.jp/Contenido/04.Becas.htm , e-mail: centro-beca@bn.mofa.go.jp, tel. (011)4318-8240

 Convocatoria para el 7º Premio Internacional de Manga
Desde el lunes 15 de abril al viernes 31 de mayo
El Centro Cultural e Informativo de la Embajada del Japón recibe las obras de los autores de manga que deseen participar del 7º Premio Internacional de Manga organizado por el Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores del Japón. Informes: centro-info@bn.mofa.go.jp, tel. (011)4318-8240, http://www.manga-award.jp/en/award_7th.html (inglés).

Lecture: "Korea’s Jōdōshinshū: Lay Monk Villages in Colonial Korea (1910-1945)"

by Hwansoo Kim (Duke University)

Dear Friends and Colleagues,

The USC Center for Japanese Religions and Culture is pleased to present
a lecture by Professor Hwansoo Kim, Duke University on Thursday, April
25, 2013. Please be so kind as to forward this announcement to any
students or colleagues who you feel may be interested in joining us.
Thank you!

Thursday, April 25, 2013
5:00 PM to 6:30 PM
East Asian Seminar Room (110C), Doheny Memorial Library, USC

Korea’s Jōdōshinshū: Lay Monk Villages in Colonial Korea (1910-1945)

 - CJRC Lecture Series -


A newspaper editorial from 1930s colonial Korea characterized the
isolated villages of married Buddhist monks spread across the northern
border between Korea and China as “the mystery of the century”. These
lay monk villages (K. jaega-seung burak or Jp. zaikeso) existed from the
seventeenth century until the 1960s. The males in these villages shaved
their heads and had wives and children, and they ranged in number from
thousands to tens of thousands at their peak. These lay monks and their
families comprised the descendents of the Jurchens, an ethnic group from
northern China who migrated to Korea and later mixed with Koreans.

In this presentation, based on previous scholarship and on untapped
primary sources, he would like to take up two questions. First, how did
these villagers come to take on a monastic identity (or, at minimum, the
appellation)? Second, how should we understand the history of these
communities within the context of Korean Buddhism? While scholars
conventionally understanding the origin of this monastic identity as
coincidental and unauthentic, he argues that Korean monks fleeing or
relocating as a result of Choson Korea’s anti-Buddhist policies perhaps
contributed to the formation of a monastic identity of the males in
these villages. Finally, he will address how the Neo-Confucian Choson
dynasty, imperial Japan, and North Korean authorities politicized these
communities for their own purposes. These lay monk communities were an
unusual manifestation of Korean Buddhism and as such force us to
consider what, and who, defines Korean Buddhism and monastic.

Hwansoo Kim, Duke University

Hwansoo Kim is an assistant professor at Duke University in the field
of Korean Buddhism and culture with the departments of Religion and
Asian & Middle Eastern Studies. He received his doctorate from Harvard
University in 2007, followed by a post-doctoral appointment with the
Harvard Reischauer Institute. He then taught Japanese religions as an
assistant professor at the University of Arizona. Kim’s most recent
article is “A Buddhist Christmas: The Buddha’s Birthday Festival in
Colonial Korea (1928–1945).” He is the author of Empire of the Dharma:
Korean and Japanese Buddhism, 1877–1912 (Harvard Asia Press, 2012).

More details about him at

** This event is free and open to the public. Please RSVP to
cjrc@dornsife.usc.edu **

Center for Japanese Religions and Culture
USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences
825 Bloom Walk, ACB 130D
Los Angeles, CA 90089-1481
Tel. (213) 821-4365

China media: Views on North Korea

The media in China has touched on various topics - including North Korea's warning to foreigners to evacuate, bird flu, milk powder and the German band Kraftwerk.

Experts differ on whether North Korea's recent warnings to foreigners and foreign organisations to evacuate the peninsula is a bluff aimed at strengthening its bargaining position with the international community.

In Global Times, Zhang Liangui, a North Korea expert at the Communist Party's Central Party School, foresees a "70- 80% likelihood of war breaking out on the Korean Peninsula", and believes that North Korea's aim is reunification with the South by armed force.

Cai Jian, deputy director of the Centre for Korean Studies at Shanghai's Fudan University, disagrees and tells Global Times that a large-scale military conflict is unlikely to break out because North Korea's threats are largely just psychological warfare against the US and South Korea.

Pang Zhongying, a professor of international relations at Beijing's Renmin University, says North Korea is becoming "a headache" and is no longer heeding Beijing's concerns. He indicates to South China Morning Post that China and the US may co-operate to contain Pyongyang.

Some media and scholars are rebuking North Korea for escalating tensions, but also blame the US, Japan and South Korea for increasing Pyongyang's sense of insecurity with military manoeuvres.

Commentator Hua Yiwen in the overseas edition of People's Daily calls on the US not to "add fuel to the fire", calls on South Korea to cool down tensions rather than "dancing with the US". Likewise it calls on Japan to not "exploit" the crisis for its own ends.

Ta Kung Pao, a Beijing-backed Hong Kong newspaper, foresees a "military conflict ready to break out at any moment" from more missile and nuclear tests by North Korea, and also puts the blame on the US, Japan and South Korea.

It says that the US "return to Asia" has broken a fragile regional balance.

"Some of the partners of the US are dancing along with it as though they have taken stimulants, turning the Western Pacific into a mess," the newspaper says.

In other international news, Xinhua and China Daily highlight calls by Chinese and US officials and experts for more cyber-security co-operation and less "blame or accusations without evidence" of state-sponsored hacker attacks, during the US-China Internet Industry Forum in Beijing.

The reports do not mention US Under Secretary of State Robert Hormats, US Ambassador to China Gary Locke and US business figures pressing Beijing on hacker attacks that they say undermine relations with the US.

Fuente: BBC News China

Embaixadora Kawaii no Brasil

Embaixadora Kawaii no Brasil

Nós já temos a nossa Embaixadora Kawaii no Brasil. Agora é oficial, e o certificado foi expedido por nada menos que a Embaixadora Kawaii do Japão, Aoki Misako, que foi indicada pelo Ministério das Relações Exteriores do Japão e desenvolve atividades percorrendo o mundo todo, divulgando a cultura Lolita e Kawaii.




A los interesados en China y la relación México-China:

 Por este medio nos permitimos informales que hemos lanzado la Convocatoria
 de Programa de Becas Ciudad de México-China 2013.

 El Programa brinda una beca individual que cubre el 100% de los gastos  para realizar una estancia de 4 meses - agosto 2013-diciembre 2013 - en Pekín, tiempo en el que deberá llevarse  a cabo el proyecto.

 Los temas priorizados por la SECITI y el CECHIMEX son:

1- agua,
2- nuevas tecnologías urbanas,
3-parques científicos (estrategias, normas y/o gestión),
4- rescate de zonas rurales
5 salud.
La realización del proyecto deberá justificarse con base en el  conocimiento de la situación del tema en la Ciudad de México y en China
 (ver Convocatoria).
Cualquier duda por favor enviar un correo a cechimex@unam.mx y/o llamar al 56222195.


 Fecha límite de recepción de proyectos: 31 de mayo de 2013.

 Sesión informativa sobre el Programa: 29 de abril de 2013.

 Muchas gracias de antemano, saludos, enrique dussel peters

 Dr. Enrique Dussel Peters
 Posgrado en Economía

 Centro de Estudios China-México
 Facultad de Economía
 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México



 Siguenos en:
 * Cechimex FE UNAM
* Cuadernos de trabajo del Cechimex FE UNAM

 * @Cechimex_UNAM
 Cechimexlist mailing list

martes, 9 de abril de 2013

Teaching materials on Vietnamese Buddhism

Teaching materials on Vietnamese Buddhism

Dr. Olaf Beuchling, has published on Vietnamese Buddhists. You find his list of publications here:

http://www.beuchling.de/index.**php/publikationen/articles/** publikationen uebersicht.html

Many of his writings are in German, but some also in English. He is specially concerned with young Vietnamese Buddhists in the Diaspora, especially in Europe, from an ethnological and sociological point of view.

Best wishes,
Dr. Carola Roloff

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin

Universität Hamburg, Akademie der Weltreligionen

Ciclo de Conferencias ESADE China Europe Club

Quiero invitarles a la Primera Conferencia del ESADE China-Europe Club donde se debatirá un tema fundamental para el futuro de nuestro entorno:

La Nueva Red Europea de Transporte.
¿Es el Mediterráneo una Oportunidad para el Tráfico Asiático?

Durante la conferencia-debate los principales actores implicados (puertos, navieras y terminales) nos mostrarán los distintos puntos de vista sobre la importante decisión que hemos de tomar los países Mediterráneo: ¿Queremos aprovechar o no la oportunidad que Europa nos está ofreciendo?

El Ciclo moderado por Carles Cabrera, profesor del Departamento de Operaciones e Innovación de ESADE y director general del Institut Cerdà; contará con la presencia de Santiago Garcia-Milà, presidente de la Asociación de Puertos Europeos y vicedirector general del Puerto de Barcelona; Vicente De Angelis, vicedirector general de Cosco Iberia y Jorge Moreno, director comercial de TERCAT - Hutchinson Port Holdings (TBC).

No quiero que pierdan la oportunidad de venir el próximo Viernes, 19 de Abril - 8.30 h en ESADE Forum. Av. de Pedralbes, 60-62. Barcelona.

Infórmate y registra tu asistencia en el link de abajo.

¡Nos vemos en ESADE!


lunes, 8 de abril de 2013

Cómo Hacer Negocios con China e India

China y la relación México-China

Estimados interesados en China y la relación México-China:

Por este medio nos permitimos informales que hemos lanzado la Convocatoria del

Programa de Becas Ciudad de México-China 2013.

El Programa brinda una beca individual que cubre el 100% de los gastos para realizar una estancia de 4 meses - agosto 2013-diciembre 2013 - en Pekín, tiempo en el que deberá llevarse a cabo el proyecto.

Los temas priorizados por la SECITI y el CECHIMEX son:


-nuevas tecnologías urbanas,

-parques científicos (estrategias, normas y/o gestión),

-rescate de zonas rurales


La realización del proyecto deberá justificarse con base en el conocimiento de la situación del tema en la Ciudad de México y en China (ver Convocatoria).

Cualquier duda por favor enviar un correo a cechimex@unam.mx y/o llamar al 56222195.


Fecha límite de recepción de proyectos: 31 de mayo de 2013.

Sesión informativa sobre el Programa: 29 de abril de 2013
Muchas gracias de antemano, saludos, enrique dussel peters

Dr. Enrique Dussel Peters


Posgrado en Econonomia


Centro de Estudios China-México

Facultad de Economía

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México



Siguenos en:


* Cechimex FE UNAM

* Cuadernos de trabajo del Cechimex FE UNAM


* @Cechimex_UNAM

Cechimexlist mailing list



domingo, 7 de abril de 2013

La India prueba con éxito el Agni II, un misil de medio alcance y con capacidad nuclear

La India ha probado con éxito el misil balístico tierra-tierra Agni II, con capacidad nuclear y un alcance de más de 2.000 kilómetros, según han informado fuentes oficiales.

La prueba tuvo lugar en las instalaciones que la Organización para del Desarrollo e Investigación de la Defensa (DRDO) tiene en la isla de Wheeler, en el estado de Odhisa, en el este del país, y escenario frecuente de este tipo de ensayos.

"El lanzamiento fue exitoso. Se cumplieron todos los objetivos", manifestó un alto cargo del DRDO, MVKV Prasad, a la agencia local PTI.

El Agni II es un misil de medio alcance de 16 toneladas de peso y capacidad para transportar 1.000 kilos de carga, y ya forma parte del arsenal de las Fuerzas Armadas de la India.

El misil consta de dos fases y puede ser lanzado desde plataformas de lanzamiento ferroviarias o de carreteras, con un tiempo de puesta a punto de quince minutos.

La India mantiene desde su independencia una carrera armamentística con la vecina Pakistán, que posee armas nucleares, pero en los últimos años se ha centrado en el desarrollo de un poder disuasorio frente a China, país con el que mantiene disputas fronterizas.

Así, ha desarrollado el balístico tierra-tierra Agni III, con capacidad nuclear y un alcance de 3.000 kilómetros y el misil tierra-tierra Agni IV, con un alcance cercano a los 4.000 kilómetros y también con capacidad nuclear.

Además, la India ha probado con éxito el Agni V, con un alcance estimado en los 5.000 kilómetros, y está desarrollando el Agni VI, un misil de largo alcance con capacidad nuclear y que podría portar numerosas ojivas para efectuar ataques múltiples.

Fuente: Efe Nueva Delhi

U.S. delays missile test amid N. Korea tension

April 7, 2013  

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel speaks at the National Defense University at Fort McNair in

Washington on Wednesda


WASHINGTON (AP) - A senior U.S. defense official says the Pentagon has delayed an

intercontinental ballistic missile test for next week at an Air Force base in California amid

mounting tensions with North Korea.

The official says Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel delayed the long-planned Minuteman 3 test

because of concerns the launch could be misinterpreted and exacerbate the current crisis.

The official was not authorized to speak publicly and requested anonymity to the Associated


North Korea's military has warned that it was authorized to attack the U.S. using "smaller,

lighter and diversified" nuclear weapons
South Korean officials say the North moved at least one missile with "considerable range" to its east coast, suggesting a launch could be imminent.

U.S. and South Korean annual military exercises have been ongoing, with warships and bombers in the region.

Copyright 2013 The Associated Press.
Fuente: Korea University.

India's Trade with Argentina increased marginally in 2012

The marginal increase is not at all bad given the fact that Argentina's global trade had decreased to 151.3 billion dollars in 2012 from 161.6 billion in 2011. Their imports reduced to 60.5 billion in 2012 from 64.6 bn in 2011. Their exports declined to 90.8 bn in 2012 from 97 bn in 2011.

The reduction in imports is mainly due to the stringent Argentine government restrictions on imports and foreign exchange. Importers are generally required to export an equivalent amount of what they import.The Import license and foreign exchange for imports are complicated/ delayed/denied arbitrarily by the authorities in a non-transparent manner. The government has taken recourse to these measures because of inadequate foreign exchange reserves to pay for imports and service the debts. The government is also doing this as part of their ideology to control the economy and business more and more.

This policy is likely to continue in 2013-14 ( till the next Presidential elections) too with minor variations.

Argentina's exports were down in 2012 due to the slow down of the economies of Brasil, China, and Europe. Exports to China had decreased by23% in 2012 from 2011.

India's trade with Argentina increased by 2.2% to 1837 million dollars in 2012 from 1774 million in 2011.

India's exports in 2012 were 573 million dollars as against 561 m in 2011. India's imports in 2012 were 1264 m while they were 1213 m in 2011.

India ranked 18th in both exports and imports in 2012 among the global trade partners of Argentina.

India's major exports in 2012 were: organic chemicals- 154 million dollars ( 27% of total exports), sound and image devices - 91 million dollars ( 16%), vehicles and parts-64 million, yarn and fabrics-45 m, garments-21 m, dyestuff- 17 m..

India's main imports in 2012 were: edible oil ( mostly soy oil)- 1111 million dollars ( 88%), minerals- 30 m, leather- 29 m, cotton- 10 m

Argentina is the main source of soy oil imports of India. The annual imports are around one billion dollars in recent years except in 2010 when it went up to 2 billion. The soy oil imports from Argentina fluctuates depending upon the international palm oil prices. However, given the ever-growing deficit of India in edible oil production, India's imports of soy oil from Argentina will increase in the long term.

Argentina, which is the third largest market of Latin America after Brasil and Mexico, used to be the third largest destination for India's exports in the past. Not any longer.. It has slipped to the sixth position in 2012. Colombia has replaced Argentina in the third rank while Peru and Chile have assumed fourth and fifth rankings.

Despite the current Argentine restrictions on imports, there is lot of scope to increase India's exports in the long term. Most of the macroeconomic fundamentals of the Argentine market are relatively strong and the economy is set on a course of sustainable growth. The Indian exporters need to keep this positive long term perspective and work harder....

viernes, 5 de abril de 2013

Annual Report of the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology at Soka University, 2012 (Noriyuki KUDO)

Dear Colleagues,

We are pleased to announce that a new issue of the Annual Report of

the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology at Soka

University for the academic year 2012 [= ARIRIAB], Volume XVI (2013),

is now published. A PDF version of this issue will become available on our Web site later:


The contents are listed below:


Annual Report of the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology at Soka University for the

Academic Year 2012, volume XVI,

2013, 400 pages + 77 plates, ISSN 1343-8980. Published by the IRIAB

(Director: Seishi Karashima; edited by Noriyuki Kudo)


Oskar von HINÜBER: Again on the Donation made by the Vinayadhara Dhammasena and on Other 

Inscriptions from Phanigiri [8 figures], pp. 3-12.

Oskar von HINÜBER and Peter SKILLING: Two Buddhist Inscriptions from Deorkothar (Dist. Rewa,

Madhya Pradesh) [16 figures], pp. 13-26.

Seishi KARASHIMA: Two Inscriptions in Brāhmī and Kharoṣṭhī [10 figures], pp. 27-28.

Petra KIEFFER-PÜLZ: Buddhist Nuns in South India as Reflected in the Andhakaṭṭhakathā and in

Vajrabuddhi’s Anugaṇṭhipada, pp, 29-46.

Seishi KARASHIMA: Manuscript Fragments of the Prātimokṣasūtra of the Mahāsāṃghika

Lokottaravādin)s (2) [75 figures], pp. 47-90.

Noriyuki KUDO: The Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa: A Transliteration of the Nepalese Manuscript A (5), pp. 91-96.

Harry FALK and Seishi KARASHIMA: A first-century Prajñāpāramitā manuscript from Gandhāra –

parivarta 5 (Texts from the Split Collection 2) [2 figures], pp. 97-169.

Seishi KARASHIMA: Was the Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā compiled in Gandhāra in Gāndhārī?, pp. 171-188.

Seishi KARASHIMA: On the "Missing" Portion in the Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā, pp. 189-192.

Peter SKILLING and SAERJI: The Circulation of the Buddhāvataṃsaka in India, pp. 193-216.

LI Xuezhu and Jundo NAGASHIMA: Maitreyavyākaraṇa, pp. 217-231.

YE Shaoyong: A Sanskrit folio of the Yuktiṣaṣṭikāvṛtti from Tibet [16 figures], pp. 233-240.

LI Xuezhu: Diplomatic Transcription of Newly Available Leaves from Asaṅga’s Abhidharmasamuccaya —Folios 1, 15, 18, 20, 23, 24—, pp. 241-253.

Noriyuki KUDO: A Newly Identified Manuscript of the Pāramitāsamāsa in the Gilgit Buddhist

Manuscripts, pp. 255-266.

Peter SKILLING and SAERJI: Candrakīrti and the Pūrvaśailas: A Note on Triśaraṇasaptati v. 51, pp. 267-272.

Seishi KARASHIMA: A Study of the Language of Early Chinese Buddhist  Translations: A Comparison between the Translations by Lokakṣema and Zhi Qian, pp. 273-288.

Seishi KARASHIMA: The Meaning of Yulanpen 盂蘭盆 — “Rice Bowl” on the Pravāraṇā Day, pp. 289-305.

Haiyan Hu-von HINÜBER: The Case of the Missing Author: Who wrote the anonymous Epilogue to Faxian’s Foguoji?, pp.307-314.

Tatsushi TAMAI: Tocharian Udānālaṃkāra, pp. 315-336.

Isao KURITA: Gandhāran Art [57 figures], pp. 337-341.

Akira YUYAMA: A List of Writings With Brief Bibliographical Notes. Appendix: Curriculum Vitae — A

Succinct Autobiographical Record, pp. 343-390.


Previous issues of ARIRIAB, BPPB and BLSF can be found here:





For further information, please contact: iriab@soka.ac.jp

KUDO Noriyuki

The International Reseach Institute for Advanced Buddhology

Soka University (http://iriab.soka.ac.jp/)

1-263, Tangi-cho, Hachioji

Tokyo, JAPAN 192-8577


Buddhism and Science

The International Society for Buddhist Philosophy (ISBP)

is soliciting paper proposals for a panel on the  topic of "Buddhism and Science" at the group meeting at the

Annual Meeting of the American Philosophical

Association (APA) Eastern Division in Baltimore, MD (December 27-30, 2013). Papers that address this

topic from critical and/or constructive approaches are welcome, as are papers that are based on indigenous

Buddhist and/or modern scientific perspectives.

Please send title, abstract (200 words), personal information

(name, email, and institutional affiliation) to Douglas Duckworth

(duckworth@etsu.edu) by May 2, 2013.

Douglas Duckworth

East Tennessee State University

La nueva generación de graduados chinos está en marcha

El Gobierno del gigante asiático quiere tener 195 millones de graduados chinos para 2020, lo que supone 75 millones más que Estados Unidos y que cualquier otro país, según publica The New York Times.

En China hay muchos jóvenes brillantes con grandes aspiraciones que serán una fuerte competencia para Occidente en las próximas décadas. Alguien que ha podido comprobar esto más de cerca es Iker Belsaguy, estudiante de economía de la Universidad Veracruzana (México), que en 2010, a los 18 años, fue aceptado en el primer grupo de estudiantes de intercambio con Beijing International Studies University.

Belsaguy declara a Globalasia.com que “la vida de los estudiantes chinos está llena de ocupaciones y nuevos panoramas que chocan con las tradiciones familiares y el mundo laboral de hoy. Los jóvenes deben tener una pareja antes de los 30 e ingresos estables para formar una familia. Belsaguy cuenta que la competencia académica y profesional es elevada y destacada que “por temporadas las aulas de clase permanecen repletas de diligentes estudiantes a las 02:00 de la madrugada; aulas sin profesores pero con alumnos que se esfuerzan al máximo para obtener las mejores puntuaciones”.

La apuesta por los graduados chinos

China invierte 250.000 millones de dólares (195.000 millones de euros) al año en lo que los economistas llaman “capital humano”, cita la misma fuente consultada. El gigante asiático quiere empujar aún más su curva de crecimiento a través de una ampliación de su base educativa, haciendo que se asemeje más a la multifacética fuerza laboral de Estados Unidos.

La mayoría de las iniciativas dependen de que el autoritario sistema político chino pueda crear un sistema educativo que fomente la creatividad y un espíritu innovador a nivel internacional, lo que se traduce en una fuerza de trabajo mejor formada que haga que China sea el gran rival de Occidente.

China, gran rival de Occidente

Los universitarios de todo el mundo compiten por empleos similares, y el boom de la educación superior en China empieza a poner presión en las ofertas de trabajo de todas partes.

Belsaguy cuenta que cada año, a diferencia de su experiencia en México, representantes de empresas chinas llegan a las universidades con ofertas de trabajo, logrando apreciar un ambiente de oferta y demanda laboral prometedor. “El crecimiento económico y el desarrollo generalizado de China ha generado en los últimos años una acelerada adición de universidades y empresas acercándose a este país de Asia con el objetivo de generar intercambio académico y cultural en un corto plazo con una visión emprendedora en negocios”.

Tenemos que estar preparados, ya que como comenta Belsaguy, los universitarios de China, llenos de habilidades y destrezas que van cultivando desde pequeños “nos dejan a los universitarios de Occidente un panorama nuevo y grandes desafíos para el porvenir”.

La única pregunta que se les plantea a las universidades chinas es si pueden cultivar la innovación a gran escala para competir con los norteamericanos en mercados como el hardware de multimedia y el software de aplicaciones. De momento, el proceso de innovación del gigante asiático sigue siendo uno de sus grandes retos.

Fuente: Global Asia

Why Japan Dominates Leadership of Asian Development Bank

China has refrained from competing for president position, but experts say it should reconsider

Beijing) – The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has been important to Japan the way the World Bank has been to the United States and the International Monetary Fund to the European Union. Since its establishment in 1966, all eight presidents of the ADB have been from Japan and seven of them served at the country's Finance Ministry.

The monopoly looks set to continue, with Takehiko Nakao, Japan's vice finance minister, on course to succeed former president Haruhiko Kuroda, who resigned to become central bank governor in March. The 57-year-old still needs to go through voting by 67 member states of the ADB by April 24, but he is the only candidate for the job.

One seemingly odd twist in the run-up to the election, however, was that China, the third largest shareholder in the bank – and a country that surpassed Japan as the world's second largest economy in 2010 – forfeited its chance to come up with a nominee.

Xie Xuren, who stepped down as China's finance minister in March to chair the National Social Security Fund, has clearly opposed the idea of sending a Chinese candidate to run for ADB president. He was less straightforward with why he held the opinion though.

But a source close to the ministry said the reason was probably financial. China has borrowed heavily from the ADB. Its loans from the bank approached US$ 26 billion in 2011, second only to India. Meanwhile, it has committed US$ 10.5 billion and paid in only US$ 523 million to the bank.

Reversing the flow of capital to become a net creditor is important if China wants to gain high moral ground in a race for ADB president, the source said. Not to mention the practical necessity that it needs to pump up its capital commitment to the bank in order to increase its voting rights, he added.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has concern as well. It was against sending a Chinese nominee to compete with Nakao because the relationship between China and Japan was at a particularly sensitive moment, the source said, referring to the conflict between the countries over territorial claims to a group of islands in the East China Sea.

Some financial and economic experts contend, however, that China should nevertheless take a shot at the election.

Choosing leaders for a multi-lateral organization is a game between major stake-holding countries, said Tang Min, vice chairman of non-profit You Change China Social Entrepreneur Foundation, who worked at the ADB's representative office to China.

Tang advocates that China assert its rights more aggressively in the bank, otherwise, people will regard it as customary that the president be from Japan.

Proponents for a Chinese nominee also argue that greater participation in the bank's management would facilitate economic cooperation with Japan rather than deepen existing frictions. It may also help China cast its image as a rising power willing to shoulder more international responsibilities, they say.

Moreover, they note that China has plenty of financial resources from its US$ 3 trillion in foreign exchange reserves to make a significant contribution to the ADB and its subsidiary, the Asian Development Fund.

Indeed, China has recently committed to funding a BRICS development bank, the brainchild of leaders from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, when they met in Durban last month.

But challenging Japan's dominance of ADB's top management will not be easy. The United States and Japan are the largest shareholders of the bank. By the end of 2011, each country's contribution made up 15.65 percent of the bank's total equities, and they each held 12.82 percent of voting rights.

In comparison, China's capital contribution and its voting rights were much smaller, at 6.46 and 5.47 percent.

A nominee needs to gain at least half of all votes to become the ADB president. Masahiro Kawai, dean of the Asian Development Bank Institute, a Tokyo-based think tank founded by the ADB, said Japan would be able to maintain its grip over the ADB president post because the United States was not interested in the job while other countries lacked voting support.

For the moment, it seems that the monopoly of Japan over the ADB president post may not change any time soon. Even Tang acknowledged this. But it was still worth an attempt, he said, because trying and failing was better than giving up.  

 Fuente: Caixin online
By staff reporters Chen Qin and researcher Takehiro Masutomo